compare with和compare to的区别

日期:12-19作者:网友整理人气:3387我来说

导读:

  compare...to作“把„„比喻成”讲,表示一种比喻或相似,没有绝对的好坏之分,常用简单时态,不能用with,也常用其被动语态be compared to。

compare…with; compar…to; compared with/to

⒈compare…with意为“把……与……相比”,侧重指两者间的区别。如:

①Compare this car with that one, and you will find the differences between them.

把这辆汽车与那辆汽车相比较,你就会发现它们之间的区别。

⒉compare…to…意为“把……比作……”,着重注意两者间的相似点。如:

①This song compares our country to a big family.这首歌把我们的国家比作一个大家庭。

⒊compare既可以单独用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作不及物动词时,以compare with…形式出现,表示“与……相比”。如:

①Living here can’t compare with living in Shanghai.在这儿生活不能和在上海(生活)相比。

②If you compare the two words,you can tell the difference between them.

如果你比较这两个单词,你就会辨别出它们之间的不同。

⒋compared with…和compared to…都可用作状语,意义基本相同,可互换。如:

①Compared to/with him,you are lucky.与他相比,你是幸运的。

②It was a small town then,compared to/with what it is now.和现在比起来,那时它还是个小镇。