最系统清晰的英语口语发音技巧教程4缩读

投稿:tina作者:佚名 [我的文集]来源: 时间:2018-03-30 22:35:51 阅读:18
缩读:在流利的口语中,为了使发音更加连贯流利,有时会将两个互相影响的音缩读成一个音。
常见缩读:
①and → ’n → you’n me.
②because → ’cause/kəz/ → I don’t want to go ’cause I have no time.
③come → c’m/kəm/ → C’m on!You are gonna lose!
④give me → gimme/'ɡɪmɪ/ → gimme the book.
⑤leave me → lee' me/limɪ/ → Lee' me alone.
⑥have got to → gotta/ˈɡɑtə/ → I gotta go now.
⑦want to → wanna/ˈwɑnə/ → You wanna know what I think.
⑧going to → gonna/'ɡɔnə/ → You never know what you’re gonna get.
⑨out of → outta/'aʊtə/ → Get outta here.
⑩sort of → sorta/'sɔrtə/ → I sorta like the idea.
⑪kind of → kinda/'kaində/ → I’m just kinda tired.
⑫-ing → -in’ /ɪn/ → Where are you goin’?
⑬got you →gotcha/'ɡɑtʃə/→ Oh. Right. Gotcha.
⑭what’s up → wassup/wɑˈsʌp/ → So tell me, wassup?
【系动词的缩读】
① I am → I’m → I’m sorry to hear that.
② we/they/you are → we/they/ you’re →Don’t cry. You’re a big boy now.
③ who/she/he is → who/she/he’s → Look! He’s climbing the fence.
④ that/it is → that/it’s→ It’s never too late to learn.
⑤ here/where is →here/where’s → Here’s your chance to change your life.
⑥ is/was/were not → is/was/weren’t → When I woke up, you weren’t here.
 
【人称代词的缩读】
① you → ya/jə/ → See ya tomorrow.
② he → ’e/ɪ/ → Who is ’e?
③ his → ’is/ɪs/ → What’s ’is favorite movie.
④ him → ’im/ɪm/ → Tell ’im the answer.
⑤ her → ’er/ɚ/ → That’s ’er desk.
⑥ them → ’m/m/或’em/ɛm/ → I like ’m.
 
【助动词的缩读】
①do/does/did not → do/does/didn't 
②have/has/had not → have/has/hadn't → I haven't seen her all day.
③I/you/we/they have → I/you/we/they've →You've really made a mess of things now.
④ he/she has → she/he's it has → it's
⑤ I/you/he/she/it/we/they had →I/you/he/she/it'd → If she'd been more careful, this wouldn't have happened.
 
【情态动词的缩读】
① I/you/he/she/it/we/they will(shall) → I/you/he/she/it/we/they'll → I’m sure it’ll be fine.
② let us → let’s 
③ shall not → shan’t /ʃænt/ → I shan’t see you again.
④ will not → won’t 
⑤ can not → can’t 
⑥ could not → couldn’t 
⑦ should not → shouldn’t → But you shouldn’t treat her like that.
⑧ would not → wouldn’t → I wouldn’t do that if I were you.
⑨ may not → mayn’t /ˈmeənt/ 
⑩ must not → mustn’t 
『have to 』→ hafta /'hæftə/ → I hafta go now.