1. at hand


He lives close at hand. 他就住在附近。

I always keep a dictionary at hand. 我经常把字典放在手边。


The examinations are near at hand. 考试即将来临。

2. by hand


The letter was written by hand. 这封信是用手写的。

My shoes were made by hand. 我的鞋是手工做的。


Did the letter come by hand or through the post? 这封信是专人送来的还是邮寄来的?

3. give [lend ] sb a hand 帮某人一把。如:

It’s really heavy--can you give [lend] me a hand? 这东西确实很重,能帮一下忙吗?

4. hand in hand


They walked down the street hand in hand. 他们手拉手沿街道走去。


War and suffering go in hand and hand. 战争与苦难是同时并存的。

5. in hand


I still have some money in hand. 我手头还有些钱。

控制,处理,进行。如: / 8)

The work is in hand and will soon be completed. 工作正在进行中,不久就可完成。

Give them a call and let them know we have the matter in hand. 给他们打个电话,告诉他们我们已控制了局势。

6. on hand 在手边。如:

I still have some money on hand. 我手头还有些钱。

She always has her dictionary on hand when she studies. 他学习时总是把词典放在手边。

注:这样用的 on 有时与 at hand 或 in hand 同义。

7. on the one hand 一方面。如:

On the one hand this job doesn’t pay very much, but on the other I can’t get another one. 从一方面来说这份工作工资不高,但另一方面我又找不到另外的工作。

8. hands up 举手,举起手来。如:

Hands up, those who know the answer. 知道答案的请举手。

Hands up and drop your arm. 举起手来,把枪放下。


Put up your hand if you have any questions. 有问题请举手。

9. with one ’s hand 用手。如:

We work with our hands. 我们用手工作。

He stroke the child with his hand. 他用手打这个小孩。

10. hand sb sth / hand sth to sb 把某物递给某人。如:

Hand me the key, please. 请把钥匙递给我。

He handed her a letter. 他交给她一封信。

Please hand me the dictionary. / Please hand the dictionary to me. 请把字典递给我。

11. hand in 交来,交上去。如:

Hand in your examination papers now, please. 现在请把考卷交上来。

Someone handed this parcel in this morning. 今天早上一个人把这个包交了上来。


12. hand on 传递给另一个人。如:

Please read this notice and hand it on. 本通知看后请传阅。

Please hand on the magazine to your friends. 请把这本杂志传给你的朋友看。

13. hand out 散发,分发。如:

The teacher handed out the examination papers. 老师分发试卷。

Will you help me to hand out the leaflets at the meeting? 请你在会上帮我把这些传单发给大家好吗?

14. hand over 移交,拿给。如:

He has handed over his business to his son. 他已把他的生意移交给他儿子。

The thief was handed over to the police. 这个小偷已经送交派出所了。

15. shake hands 握手。如:

They shook hands and entered the hall. 他们握了手然后就进了大厅。

He shook hands warmly with me. 他同我热情握手。

注:有时也说 shake one’s hand。如:

He shook my hand warmly. 他同我热情握手。

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